22 Describe proposed measures for protection of geographic names at the second and other levels in the applied-for gTLD

Prototypical answer:

gTLDFull Legal NameE-mail suffixDetail
.بازارCORE Associationaxone.chView


1. Reserved List of Geographic Names

In accordance with Specification 5 of the proposed TLD Registry Agreement published as Attachment to Module 5 of the Applicant Guidebook by ICANN, and with Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) advice on geographic names at the second level, the بازار (dotBazaar) Registry will put the following names on the reserved list, therefore making them unavailable for registration or any other use:

* the short form (in English) of all country and territory names contained on the ISO 3166-1 list, as updated from time to time, including the European Union, which is exceptionally reserved on the ISO 3166-1 list, and its scope extended in August 1999 to any application needing to represent the name European Union;

* the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names, Technical Reference Manual for the Standardization of Geographical Names, Part III Names of Countries of the World; and

* the list of United Nations member states in 6 official United Nations languages prepared by the Working Group on Country Names of the United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names.

Technically, this is achieved by using the advanced domain name rule engine that is part of the CORE Registration System and described in detail in the answer to Question 28. As laid out there, the underlying set of checks can be tuned to block registrations of بازار names based on various syntactic rules, multiple reserved names lists, and patterns. Prior to the launch of the dotبازار (bazaar) TLD, the rule engine will be configured in accordance with the reserved list mandated by Specification 5, which means that the listed names are not available for registration by registrars.

Please note that only the list of United Nations Members has a version in Arabic, and hence, using characters admitted in the بازار (dotBazaar) Registry. All other names in all other lists mentioned above are blocked by default, as they all use non-accepted characters.

2. Additional protected names

The بازار (dotBazaar) Registry intends to translate the names of the countries and territories in the above lists where Arabic script is widely used into the (Arabic script-based) relevant local languages as these languages are the most relevant languages for the dotبازار TLD, such as, for instance, ʺPakistanʺ in Urdu (پاکستان) or Iran in Persian (ایران‎). Otherwise those names would not be effectively protected in a meaningful way within the بازار (dotBazaar) TLD.

3. Exceptions

However, the بازار (dotBazaar) Registry recognizes that there may be cases where a request by the relevant authority to register and use a geographic name at the second level should be considered legitimate, valid and useful.

For registration requests from the relevant public authority, the بازار (dotBazaar) Registry will put in place the procedure agreed between the GAC and Afilias for the .info gTLD, as referenced in the letter written by Mohamed Sharil Tarmizi, GAC Chair, on Sept 9, 2003; see


Technically, the registrar needs to use the authorisation code supplied by the registrant as the domain authinfo in the EPP ʹʹdomain:createʹʹ request, which will let the request bypass the rule engineʹs blocking mechanism and permit the registration.

4. Additional monitoring

The بازار (dotBazaar) Registry does not plan to monitor use of geographic names below the second level (i.e. subdomains used by a بازار (dotBazaar) TLD domain name registrant), as those procedures are both difficult and ineffective. Available dispute resolution mechanisms are a more adequate resolution procedure in cases where third or higher level domains unduly use country or other territories.

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gTLDFull Legal NameE-mail suffixzDetail
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