28 Abuse Prevention and Mitigation
|gTLD||Full Legal Name||E-mail suffix||Detail|
|.INC||GMO Registry, Inc.||gmoregistry.com||View|
In order to safeguard the security and stability of .INC TLD, as well as the Internet at large, GMO Registry, Inc. (the registry) takes abuse very seriously and employs proactive measures to mitigate abusive activities.
In general, the registry’s abuse mitigation strategies fall into the following broad areas:
- developing and publishing a set of registration policies including Registration Policy Compliance Dispute Resolution Policy;
- developing and publishing a set of comprehensive abuse policies including clear definitions of abusive activities;
- establishing and publishing a single abuse point of contact to address and resolve abuse complaints at registry startup and on an ongoing basis;
- developing procedures for handling abuse complaints, including takedown requests, in a timely manner; and
In order to mitigate abusive activities and maintain a secure name space, the registry intends to put in place the following .INC registration policies:
Registrant Eligibility Requirements
In order to qualify for registering a domain name in the .INC TLD, the registrant must be a legally established corporation or company.
Proof of Registrant Eligibility
All .INC domain name registrants will be required to prove that the companies or organizations are legally established by providing the following company information at the time of domain name registration:
- Country Name where the company is established
- Company Identification Number Type (Business ID, Tax ID, VAT, etc.)
- Company Identification Number
Restrictions on Domain Name Strings
Registrants will be entitled to register domain names that are identical or similar to their company or corporation name, current or future trademark, business name, trade name, business identifier, names under which they are commonly known, slogans, acronyms, etc., including combinations thereof, in the .INC TLD.
Registration Policy Compliance Dispute Resolution Policy
The Applicant does not intend to validate the compliance at the time of domain name registration. Nevertheless, the Applicant will develop and adopt a Registration Policy Compliance Dispute Resolution Policy to allow third parties to dispute the eligibility of a registered domain. Complaints may be filed on at least the following bases:
- Registrant Eligibility
- Name Selection
Complaints may be filed to the registry operator of .INC directly, and will be handled by the registry operator or its appointed company.
After receiving a complaint, the registry operator of .INC or its appointed company will investigate claim. If the claim is valid, and depending on the nature of the violation, the complaint will be resolved by one or more of the actions from the following non-exhaustive list:
- working with the registrant to remedy the situation
- referral of the matter to the abuse point of contact
suspending, deleting or locking the domain name in question
Draft Abusive Use Policy
The registry defines abuse as any activity that may harm the stability and security of the DNS and Internet, including, but not limited to:
- Illegal or fraudulent activities;
- Using or distributing malicious software (malware);
- Sending unsolicited bulk messages (spam);
- Posting, trading, or exchanging information that harms minors;
- Posting, trading, or exchanging child pornography;
- Posting information that encourages illegal acts, crimes, murders, or suicides; and
- Posting information that is offensive to public order or morals
The registry reserves the right to deny, cancel or transfer any registration or transaction, or place any domain name on lock, hold or similar status, at its sole discretion, to enforce the policy.
Abuse Public Contact Information
In order to comply with the Specification 6.4.1 of New gTLD Agreement, the registry will provide to ICANN its Abuse contact details. The information will include a valid e-mail and mailing address and a primary contact, and the registry will promptly provide to ICANN a notice of any changes to the contact.
Also, the registry will also publish its abuse public contact information on its web site when it publicly releases the .INC domain name registration policies. The abuse public contact will be responsible for handling complaints concerning abusive activities relating to domains registered under the .INC TLD that violate the Abusive Use Policy and require expedited attention. The abuse public contact will be available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. A person who wishes to contact the abuse public contact will be required to submit the Abuse Complaint Form via e-mail or via the online Abuse Complaint Form on the Registry web site.
Abuse Complaint Form
In order to gather pertinent information about a reported incident, facilitate accurate investigation, and avoid false alarms ⁄ positives, the registry will provide an Abuse Complaint form on the registry website. The Abuse complaint form is required at the time a person contacts the abuse public contact and can be submitted online or by email in the format specified on the registry website.
Draft Takedown Procedure
- Complaint is submitted using the abuse complaint form via email or the registry web site;
- Upon receiving a complaint, the registry’s operational and registrar support team will
assign a ticket number
review complaint form
- request additional information if complaint form is deemed insufficient to carry out effective investigation
investigate the complaint to verify accuracy and to record proof of abuse
based on the nature of the abuse, assign level of severity: normal or emergency
- Emergency: the registry will suspend the domain name in question and close the complaint ticket. At the same time, it will open a ticket to inform the sponsoring registrar of the suspension along with the reason.
- Nomal: open a ticket to inform the sponsoring registrar to take corrective actions. The registrar must inform the registry of actions taken. If the registrar does not take any action (that includes no response from the registrar) within a reasonable timeframe, the registry will suspend the domain name in question and close the complaint ticket.
If the domain name was suspended by the registry, and the situation is remedied by the registrant, the registrar will contact the registry via the ticket number. The registry operational and registrar support team will verify that the issue has indeed been remedied and re-enable the domain name, closing the ticket.
All actions by the operational and registrar support team will be logged
The registry understands that the Registration Abuse Policies Working Group has been working on developing best practices for registries and registrars addressing the fraudulent use of domain names. The registry will closely follow the working group discussions and documents, with a view of adopting the best practices to enhance abuse mitigation capabilities.
In addition, the registry will participate in security forums to keep track of the latest developments in abuse mitigation best practices and refine its abuse policies and procedures from time to time.
Orphan Glue Records
The registry’s view on orphan glue records is consistent with the Security and Stability Advisory Committee Comment on Orphan Glue Records 〈http:⁄⁄www.icann.org⁄en⁄committees⁄security⁄sac048.pdf〉. The registry supports the use of orphan glue records for legitimate purposes. Upon receiving a complaint relating to an orphaned glue record used in connection with malicious activities, the registry will verify and take corrective actions in accordance with its takedown procedures.
The implementation and operation of this aspect of registry operations involve the following roles:
Trademark Protection Officer
QA and Process Manager
Please note that some of these roles are included in outsourced functions.
Please refer to Question 31 for the overall FTE equivalent resources available to GMO Registry for the initial implementation and ongoing operations of the registry, of which abuse handlings a subset.
Initial implementation of this aspect of registry operations refers to:
development of detailed procedures on the policies and procedures set forth above
configuration of the customer support ticketing system for efficient handling of abuse complaints
training of the operational staff
During this phase, all roles listed above are involved in the planning and implementation of their respective systems in support of this component.
The ongoing maintenance of abuse mitigation involves:
proactive monitoring of the SRS, Whois and DNS services to detect and curb abuse
acting as the primary abuse point of contact to coordinate the handling of complaints received and escalating to relevant vendors as necessary
monitoring of security mailing lists for takedown requests arising from security researchers and emergency response teams
participating in relevant ICANN communities to engage in knowledge sharing, implementing best practices that may emerge
The follow roles are involved in this phase of the operations:
Trademark Protection Officer
QA and Process Manager
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