22 Describe proposed measures for protection of geographic names at the second and other levels in the applied-for gTLD
|gTLD||Full Legal Name||E-mail suffix||Detail|
Protection of Geographic Names
1. Reserved List of Geographic Names
In accordance with Specification 5 of the proposed TLD Registry Agreement published as Attachment to Module 5 of the Applicant Guidebook by ICANN, and with Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) advice on geographic names at the second level, the .gal Registry will put the following names on the reserved list, therefore making them unavailable for registration or any other use:
• the short form (in English) of all country and territory names contained on the ISO 3166-1 list, as updated from time to time, including the European Union, which is exceptionally reserved on the ISO 3166-1 list, and its scope extended in August 1999 to any application needing to represent the name European Union;
• the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names, Technical Reference Manual for the Standardization of Geographical Names, Part III Names of Countries of the World; and
• the list of United Nations member states in 6 official United Nations languages prepared by the Working Group on Country Names of the United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names.
Technically, this is achieved by utilising the advanced domain name rule engine that is part of the CORE Registration System and described in detail in the answer to Question 28. As laid out there, the underlying set of checks can be tuned to block registrations of .gal names based on various syntactic rules, multiple reserved names lists, and patterns. Prior to the launch of the .gal TLD, the rule engine will be configured in accordance with the reserved list mandated by Specification 5, which means that the listed names are not available for registration by registrars.
2. Additional protected names
The .gal Registry intends to translate all the list containing the names in the lists above to Galician, besides English and the other five official UN languages, as Galician is the most relevant language for this linguistic and cultural community TLD. Otherwise those names would not be effectively protected in ra meaningful way within the .gal TLD.
However, the .gal Registry recognizes that there may be cases where a request to register and use a geographic name at the second level should be considered legitimate, valid and useful.
Examples of such cases are:
* the local consulate wishing to use that name for itself, with the agreement of its Government;
* the countryʹs or territoryʹs relevant authorities wishing to use it, e.g. for touristic or cultural promotion purposes;
* other legitimate purposes.
For registration requests from the relevant public authority, the .gal Registry will put in place the procedure agreed between the GAC and Afilias for the .info gTLD, as referenced in the letter written by Mohamed Sharil Tarmizi, GAC Chair, on Sept 9, 2003; see
The current procedure is:
Technically, the registrar needs to use the authorisation code supplied by the registrant as the domain authinfo in the EPP 〈domain:create〉 request, which will let the request bypass the rule engineʹs blocking mechanism and permit the registration.
4. Additional monitoring
The .gal Registry does not plan to monitor use of geographic names below the second level (i.e. subdomains used by a .gal TLD domain name registrant), as those procedures are both difficult and ineffective. Available dispute resolution mechanisms are a more adequate resolution procedure in cases where third or higher level domains unduly use country or territory names.
Similar gTLD applications: (10)
|gTLD||Full Legal Name||E-mail suffix||z||Detail|
|.barcelona||Municipi de Barcelona||josoc.cat||-2.06||Compare|
|.madrid||Comunidad de Madrid||madrid.org||-1.53||Compare|
|.ruhr||regiodot GmbH & Co. KG||dotzon.com||-1.18||Compare|
|.scot||Dot Scot Registry Limited||corenic.org||-0.99||Compare|