20(c) Provide a description of the community-based purpose of the applied-for gTLD
|gTLD||Full Legal Name||E-mail suffix||Detail|
The Basque linguistic and cultural community owns an strong identity based on a very wide historical, linguistic, cultural, social and political background. Euskara is the language of the Basque linguistic and cultural community, the base of its community, and Basque culture, its social expression.
Further, Euskara is the only pre-Roman language still alive in the Iberian Peninsula. Many linguists all over the world have struggled to track its real origin but no conclusion has gained a broad consensus so far, and, nowadays, Euskara is still considered an isolated language. Nevertheless, in spite of being a minority language with very specific characteristics, Euskara and its speakers have historically shown an strong commitment to adapt to the times and new challenges. In this sense, in contrast to its status as a minority language, the presence of Euskara obtained a very remarkable position number 38 in the ranking of languages on the Internet in 2003, according to studies carried out by Peter Gerrand. Vid. Gerrand, P. (2007). Estimating linguistic diversity on the Internet: A taxonomy to avoid pitfalls and paradoxes. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12(4), article 8.
The social expression of Euskara, through the Basque culture, has shown traditionally many forms. From the first book in Euskara published in 1545 ( ʹLinguae Vasconum Primitiaeʹ of Bernart Etxepare) to the literature in Euskara, the ʹbertsolaritzaʹ, Basque dances, Basque music or many other social expressions, Euskara has had an extensive way throughout history, so significant as innovative.
The Internet allows to create communities with different purposes. Thus, this fact opens the door to that social expression, in our case the Basque culture. However, although the contents on the Internet are becoming increasingly diverse, no doubt, language remains the main tool of communication on the Internet.
In this sense, on the Internet, multiculturalism lies at the highest possible level and, in such multicultural melting pot, the Basque linguistic and cultural community should have its own technological shelter. Therefore, .eus is the name that will represent the Basque linguistic and cultural community on the Internet.
This symbol will become a tool for the promotion of Basque culture and Euskara, and, in this sense, the .eus TLD will be an effective mechanism for linguistic standardization of Euskara worldwide. The .eus TLD, through the virtual space of the Internet, will assure an efficient promotion of Euskara, guaranteeing simultaneously its international recognition.
Similarly, the .eus TLD will reinforce and extend the multicultural nature of the Internet, since allowing linguistic and cultural communities to have their own doTLDmain, puts multiculturalism on the very heart of the Internet. TLD related to language and cultures strengthen and benefit not only those linguistic and cultural communities but also the Internet itself.
So that, in a few words: the objective of the .eus TLD is to assign a name, a symbol, to the presence of the Basque Language and Culture on the Internet, creating such a name for the Basque Culture Community on the Internet, in a feedback process that reinforces the Basque linguistic and cultural community.
c) i. Intended registrants in the TLD.
The intended registrants of the TLD could be differentiated in three main different groups: Individuals and entities with online activity living in those areas where Basque is an autoctonous language; the communities of the diaspora and the societies where they have been formed; and those willing to address and engage in online communications with the Basque linguistic and cultural community.
c) ii. Intended end-users of the TLD.
The intended end-users are as varied as the people with a certain interest in the Basque linguistic and cultural community. But for taxonomy purposes, four main targets could be identified: The general public living in those areas where Basque originated; the communities of the diaspora and the societies where they have been formed; the academic interest in the Basque language and culture; and those willing to be informed about the different aspects related to the Basque language and culture
c) iii. Related activities the applicant has carried out or intends to carry out in service of this purpose.
All the activities developed so far by the Puntueus Elkartea have been focused on raising awareness in regard to the development of the .eus TLD space, and in gathering the support of representative Institutions from any sector of the Basque linguistic and cultural community. The explicit and decided support from a very significant part of the representative entities of the community is proof enough of how these two objectives have been met, as well as of the overwhelming endorsement from the Basque community.
The activities of the Puntueus Fundazioa from the delegation of the TLD onwards will be twofold: To foster the development of the .eus TLD space for the benefit of the Basque linguistic and cultural community, and to promote the development of the Basque linguistic and cultural information society, being both objectives clearly hand in hand with each other.
c) iv. Explanation of how the purpose is of a lasting nature.
The purpose of the .eus TLD is indeed of a lasting nature. The name, as referred in 18 and in 20 b) and d), is a long established and widely used contraction of the name of the Basque language and of its linguistic and cultural community, that has had a centuries’ longstanding existence and continued presence, and a firm and vibrant community.
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|gTLD||Full Legal Name||E-mail suffix||z||Detail|
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